Hypertension or High blood pressure/BP is nowadays a common condition in which the blood against artery walls eventually leads to healthy functioning such as heart issues.

The scientific definition of Hypertension is having a blood pressure higher than 140 over 90 mmHg, with a consensus across guidelines. This means the systolic reading (the pressure as the heart pumps blood around the body) is over 140 mmHg (millimeters of mercury) or the diastolic reading (as the heart relaxes and refills with blood) is over 90 mmHg.

There are two types of High blood pressure-

1. Primary Hypertension (develops gradually over years)

2. Secondary Hypertension (caused due to kidney problem, fatty liver, thyroid problem, alcohol abuse, tumors, or sleep apnea)


It’s a silent killer and asymptomatic

Risk factors-

1. Family history

2. Sedentary lifestyle

3. Age

4. Fluid retention

5. Vitamin D deficiency

6. High Alcohol consumption

7. Stress

8. Obesity


1. Healthy diet habits

2. No smoking

3. No Alcohol consumption

4. Eat a high-fiber diet

5. Regular exercise

6. Maintain IBW


1. Take medication properly

2. Gestational blood pressure control

3. Eat a Balanced diet

4. Manage stress

5. Do Yoga/exercise

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